• What Is Chronic Kidney Disease (CDK)?

    Chronic Kidney Disease is also referred to as Chronic Kidney Failure which is gradual loss of kidney's ability to function. It simply means lasting damage to the kidneys over time. When the damage is severe, the kidneys stop working and dialysis or kidney transplant become the only options to live.


    The signs and symptoms of CKD develop slowly and over time. Most of the time there will be no signs until the kidneys are severely damaged. You may notice the symptom through the extra waste and fluids that are building up in your body.

    More symptoms include

    • Nausea
    • Vomiting
    • Fatigue and general body weakness
    • Muscle cramps
    • Too much urine
    • Trouble sleeping
    • Itching
    • Trouble catching your breath
    • Swelling on your feet and ankles
    • Chest pain
    • High blood pressure
    • Sleep problems
    • Fever
    • Nosebleed
    • Back pain
    • Diarrhea
    • Abdominal pain


    Everyone can get CDK, but some people are at a higher risk of getting in than others. It mostly occurs when a disease or condition impairs kidney function causing kidney damage to worsen over time.

    Disease condition that cause CKD include the following;

    • Diabetes
    • Heart Disease
    • Family history of having the disease
    • High blood pressure (Hypertension)
    • Recurrent kidney infection

    Stages of CKD

    There are 5 stages of Kidney damage that is based on how well the kidneys can do their job, that is filtering waste and extra fluid out of blood. Mild damage as Stage 1 all the way to complete failure as stage 5. At stage 1, the kidneys are able to filter our waste, but in the last stage they work extra hard and my totally fail.

    eGFR is a blood test used to measure how good kidneys filter waste from the blood.

    • Stage 1 CKD – eGFR is greater than 90
    • Stage 2 CKD – eGFR between 60 and 89
    • Stage 3 CKD – eGFR between 30 and 59
    • Stage 4 CKD – eGFR between 15 and 30
    • Stage 5 CKD – eGFR between less than 15


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